Serious Outbreak Of Bird Flu In 7 States In Nigeria As NCDC Confirms Cases
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), said that Kano, Plateau, Bauchi, Gombe, Nasarawa, Kaduna and Niger States have reported confirmed human cases of Avian Influenza H5N1 also called “Bird flu.”
The NCDC Director General, Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, made this known in an interview with News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), on Tuesday in Abuja, while providing highlights of the epidemiological situation and response activities in Nigeria.
NAN reports that Avian Influenza are strains of the influenza virus that primarily infect birds, but can also infect humans.
This type of flu is most customarily shriveled with the aid of touch with unwell birds, and also can be passed from man or woman to person. It spreads with the aid of airborne respiration droplets (coughs or sneezes).
Symptoms start within to eight days, and are like the not unusual flu. Cough, fever, sore throat, muscle aches, headache and shortness of breath may additionally occur.
Ihekweazu said as of March 24, 2021, the seven states pronounced outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) cases (H5N1) in poultries.
“Health National Rapid Response Team (RRT) from NCDC and the Federal Ministry of Agriculture were deployed to Bauchi, Kano and Plateau States.
“A overall of eighty three human samples were acquired and sixty four (87.7 in keeping with cent) samples have been examined. Of the tested samples, seven (10.9 in keeping with cent) had been effective for Flu A, six eighty five.7 according to cent had been subtype A/H5 whilst one 14.Three in step with cent turned into unsub-typable,” he explained.
The NCDC boss said professional notification approximately the outbreak have been conveyed to the World Health Organisation (WHO) as required through the International Health Regulations (IHR).
He delivered that an legit file had additionally been sent to the government at each Federal stage and the affected states.
“Avian influenza outbreak Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) at level 1 has been activated at countrywide and in two states (Plateau and Gombe).
“Seven showed samples had been shipped to the WHO Collaborating Centre (WHO-CC) within the United States (US) for in addition characterisation,” he cited.
Speaking at the response sports, he said a 2nd consultation of EOC were performed with review of outbreak state of affairs, reaction Terms of Reference (TORs) and Incident Actions Plan (IAPs).
“Seven states: Kano, Plateau, Bauchi, Gombe, Kaduna, Nasarawa and Niger States have confirmed instances of Avian Influenza among rooster.
“Two states have stated seven cases among humans – Kano four and Plateau three. Only Kano, Plateau, Bauchi and Gombe States have had human contacts of birds followed up,” he stated.
According to him, of the 83 contacts said, 27 contacts are from 3 Local Government Areas (LGAs); Nasarawa, Ungogo and Gwale in Kano State.
The others are: 18 contacts from two LGAs (Jos North and South) in Plateau; 19 contacts from two LGAs (Bauchi and Toro) in Bauchi State, and 19 contacts from three LGAs (Kaltungo, Yamaltu Deba and Gombe) in Gombe State.
Ihekweazu stated that each one contacts were farmers, farm people, chook handlers and buyers, including that the contacts have been still asymptomatic besides one that supplied catarrh.
“A overall of 83 human nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal samples had been accrued from contacts of confirmed birds in 4 states: Kano (27), Plateau (18), Bauchi (19) and Gombe (19).
“A general of thirteen blood samples have also been gathered from the very-near contacts (human) of the birds in 3 states: Plateau (3), Bauchi (five), and Gombe (five).
“Of eighty three human samples gathered, 64 (87.7 in step with cent) samples were analysed the usage of Real time Reverse transcription polymerase chain response (RT-PCR). Of 64 samples analysed, simplest 7 (10.Nine in step with cent) had been tremendous for Flu A.
“Of the seven samples high quality for Flu A, handiest six “eighty five.7 per cent “had been advantageous for A/H5 while one (14.Three consistent with cent) was unsubtypable. All seven superb samples were shipped to WHO Coordinating centre for further lab analysis,” he stated.
The NCDC boss noted that sensitisation became performed by using the country wide and kingdom RRT to farm owners, workers, Live Bird Market (LBM) institutions and communities inside the affected states.
He brought that biosecurity measures were notably discussed for the benefit of the farmers and groups.[NewsNaira]